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Import data from MySQL/PostgreSQL

This topic provides an example of how to use Exchange to export MySQL data and import to NebulaGraph. It also applies to exporting data from PostgreSQL into NebulaGraph.

Data set

This topic takes the basketballplayer dataset as an example.

In this example, the data set has been stored in MySQL. All vertexes and edges are stored in the player, team, follow, and serve tables. The following are some of the data for each table.

mysql> desc player;
+----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field    | Type        | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| playerid | varchar(30) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| age      | int         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| name     | varchar(30) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

mysql> desc team;
+--------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field  | Type        | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+--------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| teamid | varchar(30) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| name   | varchar(30) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+--------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

mysql> desc follow;
+------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field      | Type        | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| src_player | varchar(30) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| dst_player | varchar(30) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| degree     | int         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

mysql> desc serve;
+------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field      | Type        | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| playerid   | varchar(30) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| teamid     | varchar(30) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| start_year | int         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| end_year   | int         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

Environment

This example is done on MacOS. Here is the environment configuration information:

  • Hardware specifications:
    • CPU: 1.7 GHz Quad-Core Intel Core i7
    • Memory: 16 GB
  • Spark: 2.4.7, stand-alone
  • Hadoop: 2.9.2, pseudo-distributed deployment
  • MySQL: 8.0.23

Prerequisites

Before importing data, you need to confirm the following information:

  • NebulaGraph has been installed and deployed with the following information:

    • IP addresses and ports of Graph and Meta services.
    • The user name and password with write permission to NebulaGraph.
  • Spark has been installed.
  • Learn about the Schema created in NebulaGraph, including names and properties of Tags and Edge types, and more.
  • The Hadoop service has been installed and started.

Steps

Step 1: Create the Schema in NebulaGraph

Analyze the data to create a Schema in NebulaGraph by following these steps:

  1. Identify the Schema elements. The Schema elements in the NebulaGraph are shown in the following table.

    Element Name Property
    Tag player name string, age int
    Tag team name string
    Edge Type follow degree int
    Edge Type serve start_year int, end_year int
  2. Create a graph space basketballplayer in the NebulaGraph and create a Schema as shown below.

    ## Create a graph space.
    nebula> CREATE SPACE basketballplayer \
            (partition_num = 10, \
            replica_factor = 1, \
            vid_type = FIXED_STRING(30));
    
    ## Use the graph space basketballplayer.
    nebula> USE basketballplayer;
    
    ## Create the Tag player.
    nebula> CREATE TAG player(name string, age int);
    
    ## Create the Tag team.
    nebula> CREATE TAG team(name string);
    
    ## Create the Edge type follow.
    nebula> CREATE EDGE follow(degree int);
    
    ## Create the Edge type serve.
    nebula> CREATE EDGE serve(start_year int, end_year int);
    

For more information, see Quick start workflow.

Step 2: Modify configuration files

After Exchange is compiled, copy the conf file target/classes/application.conf to set MySQL data source configuration. In this case, the copied file is called mysql_application.conf. For details on each configuration item, see Parameters in the configuration file.

{
  # Spark configuration
  spark: {
    app: {
      name: NebulaGraph Exchange 3.3.0
    }
    driver: {
      cores: 1
      maxResultSize: 1G
    }
    cores: {
      max: 16
    }
  }

  # NebulaGraph configuration
  nebula: {
    address:{
      # Specify the IP addresses and ports for Graph and Meta services.
      # If there are multiple addresses, the format is "ip1:port","ip2:port","ip3:port".
      # Addresses are separated by commas.
      graph:["127.0.0.1:9669"]
      meta:["127.0.0.1:9559"]
    }
    # The account entered must have write permission for the NebulaGraph space.
    user: root
    pswd: nebula
    # Fill in the name of the graph space you want to write data to in the NebulaGraph.
    space: basketballplayer
    connection: {
      timeout: 3000
      retry: 3
    }
    execution: {
      retry: 3
    }
    error: {
      max: 32
      output: /tmp/errors
    }
    rate: {
      limit: 1024
      timeout: 1000
    }
  }
  # Processing vertexes
  tags: [
    # Set the information about the Tag player.
    {
      # The Tag name in NebulaGraph.
      name: player
      type: {
        # Specify the data source file format to MySQL.
        source: mysql
        # Specify how to import the data into NebulaGraph: Client or SST.
        sink: client
      }

      host:192.168.*.*
      port:3306
      database:"basketball"
      table:"player"
      user:"test"
      password:"123456"
      sentence:"select playerid, age, name from player order by playerid;"

      # Specify the column names in the player table in fields, and their corresponding values are specified as properties in the NebulaGraph.
      # The sequence of fields and nebula.fields must correspond to each other.
      # If multiple column names need to be specified, separate them by commas.
      fields: [age,name]
      nebula.fields: [age,name]

      # Specify a column of data in the table as the source of VIDs in the NebulaGraph.
      vertex: {
        field:playerid
      }

      # The number of data written to NebulaGraph in a single batch.
      batch: 256

      # The number of Spark partitions.
      partition: 32
    }
    # Set the information about the Tag Team.
    {
      name: team
      type: {
        source: mysql
        sink: client
      }

      host:192.168.*.*
      port:3306
      database:"basketball"
      table:"team"
      user:"test"
      password:"123456"
      sentence:"select teamid, name from team order by teamid;"

      fields: [name]
      nebula.fields: [name]
      vertex: {
        field: teamid
      }
      batch: 256
      partition: 32
    }

  ]

  # Processing edges
  edges: [
    # Set the information about the Edge Type follow.
    {
      # The corresponding Edge Type name in NebulaGraph.
      name: follow

      type: {
        # Specify the data source file format to MySQL.
        source: mysql

        # Specify how to import the Edge type data into NebulaGraph.
        # Specify how to import the data into NebulaGraph: Client or SST.
        sink: client
      }

      host:192.168.*.*
      port:3306
      database:"basketball"
      table:"follow"
      user:"test"
      password:"123456"
      sentence:"select src_player,dst_player,degree from follow order by src_player;"

      # Specify the column names in the follow table in fields, and their corresponding values are specified as properties in the NebulaGraph.
      # The sequence of fields and nebula.fields must correspond to each other.
      # If multiple column names need to be specified, separate them by commas.
      fields: [degree]
      nebula.fields: [degree]

      # In source, use a column in the follow table as the source of the edge's source vertex.
      # In target, use a column in the follow table as the source of the edge's destination vertex.
      source: {
        field: src_player
      }

      target: {
        field: dst_player
      }

      # (Optional) Specify a column as the source of the rank.
      #ranking: rank

      # The number of data written to NebulaGraph in a single batch.
      batch: 256

      # The number of Spark partitions.
      partition: 32
    }

    # Set the information about the Edge Type serve.
    {
      name: serve
      type: {
        source: mysql
        sink: client
      }

      host:192.168.*.*
      port:3306
      database:"basketball"
      table:"serve"
      user:"test"
      password:"123456"
      sentence:"select playerid,teamid,start_year,end_year from serve order by playerid;"
      fields: [start_year,end_year]
      nebula.fields: [start_year,end_year]
      source: {
        field: playerid
      }
      target: {
        field: teamid
      }
      batch: 256
      partition: 32
    }
  ]
}

Step 3: Import data into NebulaGraph

Run the following command to import MySQL data into NebulaGraph. For a description of the parameters, see Options for import.

${SPARK_HOME}/bin/spark-submit --master "local" --class com.vesoft.nebula.exchange.Exchange <nebula-exchange-3.3.0.jar_path> -c <mysql_application.conf_path>

Note

JAR packages are available in two ways: compiled them yourself, or download the compiled .jar file directly.

For example:

${SPARK_HOME}/bin/spark-submit  --master "local" --class com.vesoft.nebula.exchange.Exchange  /root/nebula-exchange/nebula-exchange/target/nebula-exchange-3.3.0.jar  -c /root/nebula-exchange/nebula-exchange/target/classes/mysql_application.conf

You can search for batchSuccess.<tag_name/edge_name> in the command output to check the number of successes. For example, batchSuccess.follow: 300.

Step 4: (optional) Validate data

Users can verify that data has been imported by executing a query in the NebulaGraph client (for example, NebulaGraph Studio). For example:

GO FROM "player100" OVER follow;

Users can also run the SHOW STATS command to view statistics.

Step 5: (optional) Rebuild indexes in NebulaGraph

With the data imported, users can recreate and rebuild indexes in NebulaGraph. For details, see Index overview.


Last update: December 8, 2022