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Comparison operators

NebulaGraph supports the following comparison operators.

Name Description
= Assigns a value
+ Addition operator
- Minus operator
* Multiplication operator
/ Division operator
== Equal operator
!=, <> Not equal operator
> Greater than operator
>= Greater than or equal operator
< Less than operator
<= Less than or equal operator
% Modulo operator
- Changes the sign of the argument
IS NULL NULL check
IS NOT NULL Not NULL check
IS EMPTY EMPTY check
IS NOT EMPTY Not EMPTY check

The result of the comparison operation is true or false.

Note

  • Comparability between values of different types is often undefined. The result could be NULL or others.
  • EMPTY is currently used only for checking, and does not support functions or operations such as GROUP BY, count(), sum(), max(), hash(), collect(), + or *.

OpenCypher compatibility

openCypher does not have EMPTY. Thus EMPTY is not supported in MATCH statements.

Examples

==

String comparisons are case-sensitive. Values of different types are not equal.

Note

The equal operator is == in nGQL, while in openCypher it is =.

nebula> RETURN 'A' == 'a', toUpper('A') == toUpper('a'), toLower('A') == toLower('a');
+------------+------------------------------+------------------------------+
| ("A"=="a") | (toUpper("A")==toUpper("a")) | (toLower("A")==toLower("a")) |
+------------+------------------------------+------------------------------+
| false      | true                         | true                         |
+------------+------------------------------+------------------------------+

nebula> RETURN '2' == 2, toInteger('2') == 2;
+----------+---------------------+
| ("2"==2) | (toInteger("2")==2) |
+----------+---------------------+
| false    | true                |
+----------+---------------------+

>

nebula> RETURN 3 > 2;
+-------+
| (3>2) |
+-------+
| true  |
+-------+

nebula> WITH 4 AS one, 3 AS two \
        RETURN one > two AS result;
+--------+
| result |
+--------+
| true   |
+--------+

>=

nebula> RETURN 2 >= "2", 2 >= 2;
+----------+--------+
| (2>="2") | (2>=2) |
+----------+--------+
| __NULL__ | true   |
+----------+--------+

<

nebula> YIELD 2.0 < 1.9;
+---------+
| (2<1.9) |
+---------+
| false   |
+---------+

<=

nebula> YIELD 0.11 <= 0.11;
+--------------+
| (0.11<=0.11) |
+--------------+
| true         |
+--------------+

!=

nebula> YIELD 1 != '1';
+----------+
| (1!="1") |
+----------+
| true     |
+----------+

IS [NOT] NULL

nebula> RETURN null IS NULL AS value1, null == null AS value2, null != null AS value3;
+--------+----------+----------+
| value1 | value2   | value3   |
+--------+----------+----------+
| true   | __NULL__ | __NULL__ |
+--------+----------+----------+

nebula> RETURN length(NULL), size(NULL), count(NULL), NULL IS NULL, NULL IS NOT NULL, sin(NULL), NULL + NULL, [1, NULL] IS NULL;
+--------------+------------+-------------+--------------+------------------+-----------+-------------+------------------+
| length(NULL) | size(NULL) | count(NULL) | NULL IS NULL | NULL IS NOT NULL | sin(NULL) | (NULL+NULL) | [1,NULL] IS NULL |
+--------------+------------+-------------+--------------+------------------+-----------+-------------+------------------+
| __NULL__     | __NULL__   | 0           | true         | false            | __NULL__  | __NULL__    | false            |
+--------------+------------+-------------+--------------+------------------+-----------+-------------+------------------+

nebula> WITH {name: null} AS `map` \
        RETURN `map`.name IS NOT NULL;
+----------------------+
| map.name IS NOT NULL |
+----------------------+
| false                |
+----------------------+

nebula> WITH {name: 'Mats', name2: 'Pontus'} AS map1, \
        {name: null} AS map2, {notName: 0, notName2: null } AS map3 \
        RETURN map1.name IS NULL, map2.name IS NOT NULL, map3.name IS NULL;
+-------------------+-----------------------+-------------------+
| map1.name IS NULL | map2.name IS NOT NULL | map3.name IS NULL |
+-------------------+-----------------------+-------------------+
| false             | false                 | true              |
+-------------------+-----------------------+-------------------+

nebula> MATCH (n:player) \
        RETURN n.player.age IS NULL, n.player.name IS NOT NULL, n.player.empty IS NULL;
+----------------------+---------------------------+------------------------+
| n.player.age IS NULL | n.player.name IS NOT NULL | n.player.empty IS NULL |
+----------------------+---------------------------+------------------------+
| false                | true                      | true                   |
| false                | true                      | true                   |
...

IS [NOT] EMPTY

nebula> RETURN null IS EMPTY;
+---------------+
| NULL IS EMPTY |
+---------------+
| false         |
+---------------+

nebula> RETURN "a" IS NOT EMPTY;
+------------------+
| "a" IS NOT EMPTY |
+------------------+
| true             |
+------------------+

nebula> GO FROM "player100" OVER * WHERE properties($$).name IS NOT EMPTY YIELD dst(edge);
+-------------+
| dst(EDGE)   |
+-------------+
| "team204"   |
| "player101" |
| "player125" |
+-------------+

Last update: December 6, 2022