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Statement Composition

There are only two ways to compose statements (or sub-queries):

  • More than one statements can be batched together, separated by semicolon (;). The result of the last statement will be returned as the result of the batch.
  • Statements could be piped together using operator (|), much like the pipe in the shell scripts. The result yielded from the previous statement could be redirected to the next statement as input.

Notice that compose statements are not Transactional queries. For example, a statement composed of three sub-queries: A | B | C, where A is a read operation, B is a computation, and C is a write operation. If any part fails in the execution, the whole result could be undefined -- currently, there is no so called roll back -- what was written depends on the query executor.


  • semicolon statements
SHOW TAGS; SHOW EDGES;          -- only edges are shown

INSERT VERTEX player(name, age) VALUES 100:("Tim Duncan", 42); \
INSERT VERTEX player(name, age) VALUES 101:("Tony Parker", 36); \
INSERT VERTEX player(name, age) VALUES 102:("LaMarcus Aldridge", 33);  /* multiple vertices are added in a compose statement. */
  • PIPE statements
GO FROM 201 OVER edge_serve | GO FROM $ OVER edge_fans | GO FROM $ ...

Placeholder $ takes the result from the first statement GO FROM 201 OVER edge_serve YIELD edge_serve._dst AS id.

Last update: April 8, 2021