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Add and delete tags

OpenCypher has the features of SET label and REMOVE label to speed up the process of querying or labeling.

NebulaGraph achieves the same operations by creating and inserting tags to an existing vertex, which can quickly query vertices based on the tag name. Users can also run DELETE TAG to delete some vertices that are no longer needed.

Examples

For example, in the basketballplayer data set, some basketball players are also team shareholders. Users can create an index for the shareholder tag shareholder for quick search. If the player is no longer a shareholder, users can delete the shareholder tag of the corresponding player by DELETE TAG.

//This example creates the shareholder tag and index.
nebula> CREATE TAG IF NOT EXISTS shareholder();
nebula> CREATE TAG INDEX IF NOT EXISTS shareholder_tag on shareholder();

//This example adds a tag on the vertex.
nebula> INSERT VERTEX shareholder() VALUES "player100":();
nebula> INSERT VERTEX shareholder() VALUES "player101":();

//This example queries all the shareholders.
nebula> MATCH (v:shareholder) RETURN v;
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
| v                                                                  |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
| ("player100" :player{age: 42, name: "Tim Duncan"} :shareholder{})  |
| ("player101" :player{age: 36, name: "Tony Parker"} :shareholder{}) |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

nebula> LOOKUP ON shareholder YIELD id(vertex);
+-------------+
| id(VERTEX)  |
+-------------+
| "player100" |
| "player101" |
+-------------+

//In this example, the "player100" is no longer a shareholder.
nebula> DELETE TAG shareholder FROM "player100";
nebula> LOOKUP ON shareholder YIELD id(vertex);
+-------------+
| id(VERTEX)  |
+-------------+
| "player101" |
+-------------+

Note

If the index is created after inserting the test data, use the REBUILD TAG INDEX <index_name_list>; statement to rebuild the index.


Last update: September 16, 2022