Skip to content

Aggregating functions

This topic describes the aggregating functions supported by Nebula Graph.

avg()

avg() returns the average value of the argument.

Syntax: avg(<expression>)

  • Result type: Double

Example:

nebula> MATCH (v:player) RETURN avg(v.player.age);
+--------------------+
| avg(v.player.age)  |
+--------------------+
| 33.294117647058826 |
+--------------------+

count()

count() returns the number of records.

  • (Native nGQL) You can use count() and GROUP BY together to group and count the number of specific values. Use YIELD to return.
  • (OpenCypher style) You can use count() and RETURN. GROUP BY is not necessary.

Syntax: count({<expression> | *})

  • count(*) returns the number of rows (including NULL).
  • Result type: Int

Example:

nebula> WITH [NULL, 1, 1, 2, 2] As a UNWIND a AS b \
        RETURN count(b), count(*), count(DISTINCT b);
+----------+----------+-------------------+
| count(b) | count(*) | count(distinct b) |
+----------+----------+-------------------+
| 4        | 5        | 2                 |
+----------+----------+-------------------+
# The statement in the following example searches for the people whom `player101` follows and people who follow `player101`, i.e. a bidirectional query.
nebula> GO FROM "player101" OVER follow BIDIRECT \
        YIELD properties($$).name AS Name \
        | GROUP BY $-.Name YIELD $-.Name, count(*);
+---------------------+----------+
| $-.Name             | count(*) |
+---------------------+----------+
| "LaMarcus Aldridge" | 2        |
| "Tim Duncan"        | 2        |
| "Marco Belinelli"   | 1        |
| "Manu Ginobili"     | 1        |
| "Boris Diaw"        | 1        |
| "Dejounte Murray"   | 1        |
+---------------------+----------+

The preceding example retrieves two columns:

  • $-.Name: the names of the people.
  • count(*): how many times the names show up.

Because there are no duplicate names in the basketballplayer dataset, the number 2 in the column count(*) shows that the person in that row and player101 have followed each other.

# a: The statement in the following example retrieves the age distribution of the players in the dataset.
nebula> LOOKUP ON player \
        YIELD player.age As playerage \
        | GROUP BY $-.playerage \
        YIELD $-.playerage as age, count(*) AS number \
        | ORDER BY $-.number DESC, $-.age DESC;
+-----+--------+
| age | number |
+-----+--------+
| 34  | 4      |
| 33  | 4      |
| 30  | 4      |
| 29  | 4      |
| 38  | 3      |
+-----+--------+
...
# b: The statement in the following example retrieves the age distribution of the players in the dataset.
nebula> MATCH (n:player) \
        RETURN n.player.age as age, count(*) as number \
        ORDER BY number DESC, age DESC;
+-----+--------+
| age | number |
+-----+--------+
| 34  | 4      |
| 33  | 4      |
| 30  | 4      |
| 29  | 4      |
| 38  | 3      |
+-----+--------+
...
# The statement in the following example counts the number of edges that Tim Duncan relates.
nebula> MATCH (v:player{name:"Tim Duncan"}) -- (v2) \
        RETURN count(DISTINCT v2);
+--------------------+
| count(distinct v2) |
+--------------------+
| 11                 |
+--------------------+
# The statement in the following example counts the number of edges that Tim Duncan relates and returns two columns (no DISTINCT and DISTINCT) in multi-hop queries.
nebula> MATCH (n:player {name : "Tim Duncan"})-[]->(friend:player)-[]->(fof:player) \
        RETURN count(fof), count(DISTINCT fof);
+------------+---------------------+
| count(fof) | count(distinct fof) |
+------------+---------------------+
| 4          | 3                   |
+------------+---------------------+

max()

max() returns the maximum value.

Syntax: max(<expression>)

  • Result type: Same as the original argument.

Example:

nebula> MATCH (v:player) RETURN max(v.player.age);
+-------------------+
| max(v.player.age) |
+-------------------+
| 47                |
+-------------------+

min()

min() returns the minimum value.

Syntax: min(<expression>)

  • Result type: Same as the original argument.

Example:

nebula> MATCH (v:player) RETURN min(v.player.age);
+-------------------+
| min(v.player.age) |
+-------------------+
| 20                |
+-------------------+

collect()

collect() returns a list containing the values returned by an expression. Using this function aggregates data by merging multiple records or values into a single list.

The aggregate function collect() works like GROUP BY in SQL.

Syntax: collect(<expression>)

  • Result type: List

Example:

nebula> UNWIND [1, 2, 1] AS a \
        RETURN a;
+---+
| a |
+---+
| 1 |
| 2 |
| 1 |
+---+

nebula> UNWIND [1, 2, 1] AS a \
        RETURN collect(a);
+------------+
| collect(a) |
+------------+
| [1, 2, 1]  |
+------------+

nebula> UNWIND [1, 2, 1] AS a \
        RETURN a, collect(a), size(collect(a));
+---+------------+------------------+
| a | collect(a) | size(collect(a)) |
+---+------------+------------------+
| 2 | [2]        | 1                |
| 1 | [1, 1]     | 2                |
+---+------------+------------------+

# The following examples sort the results in descending order, limit output rows to 3, and collect the output into a list.
nebula> UNWIND ["c", "b", "a", "d" ] AS p \
        WITH p AS q \
        ORDER BY q DESC LIMIT 3 \
        RETURN collect(q);
+-----------------+
| collect(q)      |
+-----------------+
| ["d", "c", "b"] |
+-----------------+

nebula> WITH [1, 1, 2, 2] AS coll \
        UNWIND coll AS x \
        WITH DISTINCT x \
        RETURN collect(x) AS ss;
+--------+
| ss     |
+--------+
| [1, 2] |
+--------+

nebula> MATCH (n:player) \
        RETURN collect(n.player.age);
+---------------------------------------------------------------+
| collect(n.player.age)                                         |
+---------------------------------------------------------------+
| [32, 32, 34, 29, 41, 40, 33, 25, 40, 37, ...
...

# The following example aggregates all the players' names by their ages.
nebula> MATCH (n:player) \
        RETURN n.player.age AS age, collect(n.player.name);
+-----+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| age | collect(n.player.name)                                                   |
+-----+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| 24  | ["Giannis Antetokounmpo"]                                                |
| 20  | ["Luka Doncic"]                                                          |
| 25  | ["Joel Embiid", "Kyle Anderson"]                                         |
+-----+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
...

Aggregating example

nebula>  GO FROM "player100" OVER follow YIELD dst(edge) AS dst, properties($$).age AS age \
         | GROUP BY $-.dst \
         YIELD \
         $-.dst AS dst, \
         toInteger((sum($-.age)/count($-.age)))+avg(distinct $-.age+1)+1 AS statistics;
+-------------+------------+
| dst         | statistics |
+-------------+------------+
| "player125" | 84.0       |
| "player101" | 74.0       |
+-------------+------------+

Last update: August 12, 2022