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NebulaGraph builds the configurations based on the gflags repository. Most configurations are flags. When the NebulaGraph service starts, it will get the configuration information from Configuration files by default. Configurations that are not in the file apply the default values.


  • Because there are many configurations and they may change as NebulaGraph develops, this topic will not introduce all configurations. To get detailed descriptions of configurations, follow the instructions below.
  • It is not recommended to modify the configurations that are not introduced in this topic, unless you are familiar with the source code and fully understand the function of configurations.

Legacy version compatibility

In the topic of 1.x, we provide a method of using the CONFIGS command to modify the configurations in the cache. However, using this method in a production environment can easily cause inconsistencies of configurations between clusters and the local. Therefore, this method will no longer be introduced in the topic of 2.x.

Get the configuration list and descriptions

Use the following command to get all the configuration information of the service corresponding to the binary file:

<binary> --help

For example:

# Get the help information from Meta
$ /usr/local/nebula/bin/nebula-metad  --help

# Get the help information from Graph
$ /usr/local/nebula/bin/nebula-graphd --help

# Get the help information from Storage
$ /usr/local/nebula/bin/nebula-storaged --help

The above examples use the default storage path /usr/local/nebula/bin/. If you modify the installation path of NebulaGraph, use the actual path to query the configurations.

Get configurations

Use the curl command to get the value of the running configurations.

Legacy version compatibility

The curl commands and parameters in NebulaGraph v2.x. are different from NebulaGraph v1.x.

For example:

# Get the running configurations from Meta

# Get the running configurations from Graph

# Get the running configurations from Storage


In an actual environment, use the real host IP address instead of in the above example.

Configuration files

Configuration files for clusters installed from source, with an RPM/DEB package, or a TAR package

NebulaGraph provides two initial configuration files for each service, <service_name>.conf.default and <service_name>.conf.production. You can use them in different scenarios conveniently. For clusters installed from source and with a RPM/DEB package, the default path is /usr/local/nebula/etc/. For clusters installed with a TAR package, the path is <install_path>/<tar_package_directory>/etc.

The configuration values in the initial configuration file are for reference only and can be adjusted according to actual needs. To use the initial configuration file, choose one of the above two files and delete the suffix .default or .production to make it valid.


To ensure the availability of services, the configurations of the same service must be consistent, except for the local IP address local_ip. For example, three Storage servers are deployed in one NebulaGraph cluster. The configurations of the three Storage servers need to be the same, except for the IP address.

The initial configuration files corresponding to each service are as follows.

NebulaGraph service Initial configuration file Description
Meta nebula-metad.conf.default and nebula-metad.conf.production Meta service configuration
Graph nebula-graphd.conf.default and nebula-graphd.conf.production Graph service configuration
Storage nebula-storaged.conf.default and nebula-storaged.conf.production Storage service configuration

Each initial configuration file of all services contains local_config. The default value is true, which means that the NebulaGraph service will get configurations from its configuration files and start it.


It is not recommended to modify the value of local_config to false. If modified, the NebulaGraph service will first read the cached configurations, which may cause configuration inconsistencies between clusters and cause unknown risks.

Configuration files for clusters installed with Docker Compose

For clusters installed with Docker Compose, the configuration file's default installation path of the cluster is <install_path>/nebula-docker-compose/docker-compose.yaml. The parameters in the command field of the file are the launch parameters for each service.

Last update: March 13, 2023
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