Frequently Asked Questions¶
General Information lists the conceptual questions about Nebula Graph.
Explanations on the Time Return in Queries¶
nebula> GO FROM 101 OVER follow =============== | follow._dst | =============== | 100 | --------------- | 102 | --------------- | 125 | --------------- Got 3 rows (Time spent: 7431/10406 us)
Taking the above query as an example, the number
7431 in Time spent is the time spent by the database itself, that is, the time it takes for the query engine to receive a query from the console, fetch the data from the storage and perform a series of calculation ; the number
10406 is the time spent from the client's perspective, that is, the time it takes for the console from sending a request and receiving a response to displaying the result on the screen.
Trouble Shooting session lists the common operation errors in Nebula Graph.
Server Parameter Configuration¶
In Nebula console, run
nebula> SHOW CONFIGS;
For configuration details, please see here.
How to Check Configs¶
Configuration files are stored under
/usr/local/nebula/etc/ by default.
See Storage Balance.
Log and Changing Log Levels¶
Logs are stored under
/usr/local/nebula/logs/ by default.
Using Multiple Hard Disks¶
/usr/local/nebula/etc/nebula-storage.conf. For example
When multiple hard disks are used, multiple directories can be separated by commas, and each directory corresponds to a RocksDB instance for better concurrency. See here for details.
Check disk space
If there is not enough disk space, the service fails to write files, and crashes. Use the above command to check the current disk usage. Check whether the
--data_pathconfigured service directory is full.
Check memory usage
The service uses too much memory and is killed by the system. Use
dmesgto check whether there is an OOM record and whether there is keyword nebula in it.
Errors Thrown When Executing Command in Docker¶
This is likely caused by the inconsistency between the docker IP and the default listening address (172.17.0.2). Thus we need to change the the latter.
- First run
ifconfigin container to check your container IP, here we assume your IP is 172.17.0.3.
- In directory
/usr/local/nebula/etc, check the config locations of all the IP addresses with the command
grep "172.17.0.2" . -r.
- Change all the IPs you find in step 2 to your container IP 172.17.0.3.
- Restart all the services.
Adding Two Clusters on a Single Host¶
When the same host is used for single host or cluster test, the storaged service cannot start normally. The listening port of the storaged service is red in the console.
Check the logs (/usr/local/nebula/nebula-storaged.ERROR) of the storaged service. If you find the "wrong cluster" error message, the possible cause is that the cluster id generated by Nebula Graph during the single host test and the cluster test are inconsistent. You need to delete the cluster.id file under the installation directory (/usr/local/nebula) and the data directory and restart the service.
E1121 04:49:34.563858 256 GraphClient.cpp:54] Thrift rpc call failed: AsyncSocketException: connect failed, type = Socket not open, errno = 111 (Connection refused): Connection refused
Check service status by using the following command:
$ /usr/local/nebula/scripts/nebula.service status all
Or list the hosts:
nebula> SHOW HOSTS;
Please make sure that the following ports are available and not blocked by your firewall. You can find them in the configuration files in
|Meta Service||45500, 11000, 11002|
|Storage Service||44500, 12000, 12002|
|Graph Service||3699, 13000, 13002|
Besides, remember to restart the services if you change the default value of the ports.
To check if the ports are available, run the following command:
$ telnet $ip $port
Make sure that the port in every host of the cluster is available.
Could not create logging file:... Too many open files¶
- Check your disk space
- Check log directory
- reset your max open files by
ulimit -n 65536
How to Check Nebula Graph Version¶
Use the command
curl http://ip:port/status to obtain the git_info_sha, the commitID of the binary package.
Modifying the Configuration File Does not Take Effect¶
Nebula Graph uses the following two methods obtaining configurations:
- From the configuration files (You need to modify the files then restart the services);
- From the Meta. Set via CLI and persists in Meta service. Please refer to the Configs Syntax for details.
Modifying the configuration file does not take effect because Nebula Graph gets configuration in the second method (from meta) by default. If you want to use the first way, please add the
--local_config=true option in flag files
graphd.conf (flag files directory is
Modify RocksDB block cache¶
Modify the storage layer's configuration file
storaged.conf (the default directory is
/usr/local/nebula/etc/, yours maybe different) and restart the service. For example:
# Change rocksdb_block_cache to 1024 MB --rocksdb_block_cache = 1024 # Stop storaged and restart /usr/local/nebula/scripts/nebula.service stop storaged /usr/local/nebula/scripts/nebula.service start storaged
Details see here.
Nebula fails on CentOS 6.5¶
Nebula Graph fails on CentOS 6.5, the error message is as follows:
# storage log Heartbeat failed, status:RPC failure in MetaClient: N6apache6thrift9transport19TTransportExceptionE: AsyncSocketException: connect failed, type = Socket not open, errno = 111 (Connection refused): Connection refused # meta log Log line format: [IWEF]mmdd hh:mm:ss.uuuuuu threadid file:line] msg E0415 22:32:38.944437 15532 AsyncServerSocket.cpp:762] failed to set SO_REUSEPORT on async server socket Protocol not available E0415 22:32:38.945001 15510 ThriftServer.cpp:440] Got an exception while setting up the server: 92failed to bind to async server socket: [::]:0: Protocol not available E0415 22:32:38.945057 15510 RaftexService.cpp:90] Setup the Raftex Service failed, error: 92failed to bind to async server socket: [::]:0: Protocol not available E0415 22:32:38.949586 15463 NebulaStore.cpp:47] Start the raft service failed E0415 22:32:38.949597 15463 MetaDaemon.cpp:88] Nebula store init failed E0415 22:32:38.949796 15463 MetaDaemon.cpp:215] Init kv failed!
Nebula service status is as follows:
[root@redhat6 scripts]# ./nebula.service status all [WARN] The maximum files allowed to open might be too few: 1024 [INFO] nebula-metad: Exited [INFO] nebula-graphd: Exited [INFO] nebula-storaged: Running as 15547, Listening on 44500
Reason for error: CentOS 6.5 system kernel version is 2.6.32, which is less than 3.9. However,
SO_REUSEPORT only supports Linux 3.9 and above.
Upgrading the system to CentOS 7.5 can solve the problem by itself.
The Precedence Between max_edge_returned_per_vertex and WHERE¶
If max_edge_returned_per_vertex is set to be 10, when filtering with WHERE, how many edges are returned if the actual edge number is greater than 10?
Nebula Graph performs WHERE condition filter first, if the actual number of edges is less than 10, then return the actual number of edges. Otherwise, it returns 10 edges according to the max_edge_returned_per_vertex value.
FETCH Doesn't Work Sometimes¶
FETCH to return data, sometimes the corresponding data is returned but sometimes it doesn't work.
If you encounter the above situation, please check if you have run two storage services on the same node and the port of the two storage service are the same. If so, please modify one of the storage port and import the data again.
Does the sst Files Support Migration¶
The sst files used by the storaged is bound to the graph space in the cluster. Thus you can not copy the sst files directly to a new graph space or a new cluster.